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Collared Dove: Introduction and Overview

Physical Characteristics and Unique Features

 Collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto)

A beautyfull specie collared dove

This species belongs to the Columbidae family. There are currently about forty genera representing 320 species. Its range covers central Europe and extends westward, with most varieties living mainly in town and countryside. A bird frequently used in breeding, the number of doves continues to grow annually, a phenomenon due to reproduction taking place all year round.


Slender in appearance, it has a slender silhouette. The Eurasian Collared-Dove has light gray-sand colored plumage, its head is light with a black half-collar on the nape. The beak is completely black, the upper parts of the animal are light gray, especially on the wings, back. The chest and abdomen are pinkish gray in color. The tail is quite long and has white outer feathers. The eyes vary from red to brown. The legs like the fingers are pink. It is difficult to differentiate the two sexes. The juvenile unlike the adults do not have a black half-collar.


Size: 25 to 33 cm
Wingspan: 55 cm
Weight: between 120 and 230 g
Longevity: 14 years

Nesting and reproduction

Nesting period: March to September
Number of broods: 3-6
Number of eggs: 2 white eggs of 31 mm
Brood length: 14-16 days
1st flight: 17-19 days


Mainly grain-eating species, it can however eat various foods, it is enough to throw a little bread for the dove to add it to its usual. During the summer periods, the bird also feeds on flowers and buds, and even some insects to satisfy its gluttony. Unlike other species, it drinks by suction, a feature that prevents the bird from throwing its head back to swallow.


The collared dove feeds frequently on the ground, sometimes large groups gather around a place and literally devour everything in their path. When the bird is left alone, it pecks berries on the bushes, and rubs shoulders with common feeders. Very gregarious birds, it is essentially in pairs that it evolves. During the breeding season, the male performs some attractive flights to impress a female. It sometimes happens to see couples perched giving each other reciprocal kisses on the head, this fact is particular and rare in other species of birds.


The reproduction of the collared dove can take place all year round, however the optimal period begins at the beginning of March, and lasts approximately 6 months until the end of October, in general in birds this period lasts 2 months maximum, it is for This is why the population of doves continues to grow every year. The nest is flat and fairly wide, slightly concave in the middle.

Built mainly in a tree, the couple can possibly opt for a hedge or a dense bush. The nest is a tangle of fine twigs and dry stems. The female lays 2 eggs there as in all columbids, white in color. Incubation lasts an average of 2 weeks, both parents alternately protecting their offspring.

The chicks are altricial and will only leave the parental nest after 18 to 19 days. The parents feed the juveniles seed porridge which they regurgitate. The young will be able to leave the cocoon and fly away at the age of three weeks. This prolific species can thus produce up to 6 broods per year.

Habitat of Collared Doves

The habitat of collared doves plays a vital role in their survival and adaptation. These birds, known for their gentle cooing and graceful flight, can be found in diverse environments. From natural habitats to urban landscapes, collared doves have displayed an impressive ability to thrive in various settings. 
1- Geographic Distribution:
Collared doves have a vast geographic distribution, spanning across Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa. They are native to the Middle East but have successfully expanded their range due to human activity. Their adaptability has allowed them to establish themselves in urban areas, parks, gardens, and farmlands.

2- Natural Habitats: 

In their native habitats, collared doves are commonly found in arid regions with sparse vegetation. They are often spotted in semi-desert areas, open woodlands, and agricultural fields. These habitats provide them with the necessary resources, such as water sources, grains, seeds, and nesting sites. 

3- Urban Environments:
Collared doves have made a remarkable transition to urban environments. They have adapted well to human-altered landscapes, including cities, towns, and suburban areas. Their ability to thrive in these settings is attributed to their flexible diet and nesting habits. They have a preference for tall trees, rooftops, and buildings for nesting, while gardens and parks serve as essential foraging grounds. 

4- Adaptation to Human Presence: 

Collared doves have shown a remarkable tolerance for human presence. They are often seen perched on power lines or telephone poles near human settlements. The abundance of food sources, such as bird feeders and spilled grains, further encourages their presence in residential areas. 

5- Interaction with Other Species: 

Collared doves interact with a wide range of bird species in their habitats. They are frequently seen in mixed flocks with other doves, pigeons, and sparrows. This social behavior helps them find safety in numbers and increases their chances of survival.


the habitat of collared doves is a fascinating blend of natural landscapes and urban environments. Their adaptability and tolerance to human presence have enabled them to flourish in diverse settings. Whether they reside in their native habitats or coexist with humans in urban areas, collared doves continue to captivate bird enthusiasts with their beauty and adaptability.

Observing and Attracting Collared Doves to Your Garden

Collared doves, with their soft gray plumage and gentle cooing, are delightful birds to observe in any garden. If you want to attract these beautiful creatures to your outdoor space, there are a few things you can do to make your garden a haven for collared doves. In this article, we will explore some tips and techniques for observing and attracting collared doves to your garden. 

1- Creating a Welcoming Habitat: 
Collared doves are adaptable birds that can thrive in both urban and rural environments. To attract them to your garden, provide a welcoming habitat by incorporating a variety of elements: 
2- Trees and Shrubs:
Plant tall trees and shrubs to provide shelter and nesting sites for the doves. They prefer open habitats with scattered trees where they can perch and observe their surroundings. 

3- Water Source:
Install a birdbath or a shallow water container to provide a fresh water source for the doves. They will appreciate a place to drink and bathe, especially during hot summer months. 
4- Food Availability:
Collared doves primarily feed on seeds, so consider planting seed-bearing plants like sunflowers, millet, or grasses. Also, provide a bird feeder with a mix of seeds that include millet, sunflower seeds, and cracked corn. 
5- Bird Feeder and Bath Recommendations: 
To attract collared doves, choose a bird feeder that has a flat tray or platform design. These birds are ground feeders and feel more comfortable feeding on a flat surface rather than hanging feeders. Ensure that the feeder is placed in a quiet and accessible location, away from disturbances and predators. 

In addition to the feeder, offer a shallow birdbath with a gently sloping edge. Collared doves enjoy bathing to maintain their plumage, so providing a water source will greatly enhance their attraction to your garden. 

1- Observing Collared Doves: 
Once you have successfully attracted collared doves to your garden, take the time to observe their behaviors and enjoy their presence. Here are a few things to look out for: 
2- Cooing Calls:
Listen for the soft and repetitive cooing sounds that collared doves are known for. Males often perform a cooing display to attract mates or establish their territory. 
3- Nesting Behavior:
Collared doves build relatively flimsy nests made of twigs, often located in trees, shrubs, or on ledges. Keep an eye out for their nest-building activities during the breeding season. 
4- Feeding Habits:
Observe how the doves feed on the seeds you have provided. They will often pick up a seed and swallow it whole, later digesting it and regurgitating it to feed their young. 
Remember to maintain a respectful distance while observing collared doves to avoid causing any disturbances or stress. Binoculars can be handy for closer observations without intruding on their space. 

In conclusion,

attracting collared doves to your garden can provide endless joy and a connection with nature. By creating a welcoming habitat, providing a suitable bird feeder and bath, and taking the time to observe their behaviors, you can create an environment that entices these beautiful birds to visit your garden regularly. So, sit back, relax, and enjoy the peaceful presence of collared doves in your outdoor sanctuary.

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